AUGUST PERIDOT

Peridot is a gemstone with a fascinating history, both in nature and culture. It is one of the oldest known gemstones with ancient records documenting the mining of peridot from as early as 1500 B.C. It is a gem especially connected with ancient Egypt, and some historians believe that the famous emeralds of Cleopatra were actually peridot gems

. Peridot is said to host magical powers and healing properties to protect against nightmares and to bring the wearer power, influence, and a wonderful year. As peridot is a gemstone that forms deep inside the earth and brought to the surface by volcanoes, in Hawaii, peridot symbolizes the tears of Pele, the goddess of fire and volcanoes.

With regard to its formation, peridot's history is different from that of almost all other gems. Most gems are formed in the Earth's crust. The two exceptions are peridot and diamond, which are formed much deeper in the Earth; in the mantle. Peridot forms in magma in the upper mantle, about 20 to 55 miles deep. It is brought to the surface by tectonic or volcanic activity. Diamond, by contrast, is formed much deeper in the mantle, around 100 to 150 miles below the surface, under extreme pressure and high temperatures.

Today, most of the peridot supply comes from Arizona; other sources are China, Myanmar, and Pakistan. This gemstone comes in several color variations ranging from yellowish green to brown, but most consumers are attracted to the bright lime greens and olive greens.

Peridot, in smaller sizes, often is used in beaded necklaces and bracelets.

We can design a special ring, pendant or earrings or choose from any peridot jewelry in stock. Whichever you choose, please let Cassio Creations color your world!

FEBRUARY AMETHYST

For those of you who have a passion for purple, Amethyst is the natural stone of choice. Amethyst is the birthstone for the month of February and the gemstone for the 4th and 6th wedding anniversaries. Amethyst is the most highly prized variety of quartz. The typical color range is a rich, violet purple (the most valuable) to a soft lilac. In ancient times, amethysts were believed to protect those who wore it from drunkenness. It is also associated with intense emotions such as revenge, devotion, sincerity, security and peace of mind. Amethyst was thought to protect soldiers, ensure victory, aid hunters, protect against diseases, control evil thoughts, and quicken one’s intelligence. The medicinal purpose of the stone was considered to cure headaches and toothaches.

The color purple has long been considered a royal color. Fine amethysts are featured in the British Crown Jewels and were also important in the Catholic churches in the Middle Ages. Believed to encourage celibacy the Amethyst was considered to be the stone of bishops.

As mentioned in November, although amethyst is very abundant, natural citrine is considerably rare and since citrine is rare, deposits of natural ametrine are very limited. The most desirable ametrine stones are those with an even 50/50 split of color. Crystal quartz often grows together creating a bi-color stone called Ametrine. This stone is typically cut in a rectangular shape with a 50/50 show of Amethyst and Citrine.

Amethyst and Ametrine are very durable gemstones, ideal for jewelry and resistant to every day wear. Whether you fancy white gold or yellow, rings, earrings or pendants, come and select a one of a kind. As earrings, ring or pendant either stone is definitely a romantic gift for the one you love! Let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

November Topaz/Citrine

Two gems are appropriate for November birthdays - Topaz and Citrine. They are often confused because of their yellow color. Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors; yellow, blue, pink and colorless. The most sought after, natural, rare and the birthstone for November is “Precious Topaz” or “Imperial Topaz”. Topaz was revered by the Egyptians and Romans, who associated it with the setting sun. Russian Tsars of the 17th century claimed exclusive rights to the pink topaz gemstones that were mined in Russia, hence the name Imperial Topaz. From pale amber with glowing browns touched with peach to peachy-pink overtones, Imperial Topaz is mesmerizing. Topaz is symbolic of love, affection and facilitates the balance of emotions and protects from greed. Imperial Topaz is the gemstone for the 50th wedding anniversary. Citrine, the other birthstone for November is known as the "healing quartz". Quartz is one of the most important minerals on earth and makes up one of the most popular gemstone groups in the world of colored stones. It is the second most abundant mineral found in Earth's continental crust, second only to the feldspars. The name 'quartz' is thought to be derived from the German word 'quarz', which likely originated from the Slavic and Polish words meaning 'hard'. This golden gemstone is said to support vitality and health while encouraging and guiding hope, energy and warmth within the wearer. Citrine can be found in a variety of shades ranging from pastel yellow to dark brownish orange. It is one of the most affordable of gemstones and plentiful in nature. Citrine is the gemstone for the 11th and 13th wedding anniversary. Crystal quartz often grows together creating a bi-color stone called Ametrine. Although amethyst is very abundant, natural citrine is considerably rare and since citrine is rare, deposits of natural ametrine are very limited. The most desirable ametrine stones are those with an even 50/50 split of color. Whether you choose an Imperial Topaz or Citrine for your birthstone, both are very durable gemstones, ideal for jewelry and resistant to every day wear. Whether you fancy white gold or yellow, rings, earrings or pendants, come and select a one of a kind. As earrings, ring or pendant either stone is definitely a romantic gift for the one you love! Let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

June Pearls

June birthdays claim two birthstones; pearl and Alexandrite. Pearls have been wildly popular in jewelry for centuries because of their natural beauty. Alexandrite gemstones are extremely rare and desirable since they change color based on the lighting.

Pearls are underrated, as many people have preconceived notions as to what they represent. The two most common misconceptions are that grandmas wear them and they are only worn on formal occasions. This is no longer true. Pearls are worn by all ages in all colors and lengths. They can be worn every day to the office or to the grocery store. They can be paired with a suit, a dress or blue jeans. The journey a pearl goes through to create a piece of jewelry is a miraculous event. Gemstones must be cut and polished to bring out their beauty, but pearls need no such treatment to reveal their loveliness.

Pearl Colors

You can wear any color of pearl, just as you can wear any color of gemstone. You choose the color that you most enjoy. As you will notice, some pearl colors will compliment your skin tone more than others. We encourage you to come in and try on several strands in a variety of colors. You will be surprised at how different each strand looks on you. Everyone has a unique skin tone and there will be one color in particular that will look exceptional on you. Pearls, because of their iridescent luster, have no harsh tones. With our wonderful selection, you will be sure to find the one that makes you shine!

Types of Pearls

If I asked a group of people to describe what comes to mind when they think of a set of pearls, the majority of them would describe the classic round, white strand. While this may describe the traditional look of pearls, there are many more varieties and styles of pearls available. Modern pearl culturing techniques have opened the door to new colors, styles and shapes of pearls, which has brought a significant appeal back to these lovely pieces of jewelry. A number of factors impacts the way a pearl will look: everything from the type of oyster, the location, and even the cleanliness of the water. While we can classify pearls into different types, each pearl has its own unique style, beauty and character.

Alexandrite

If you love magic, especially the magic of science, you’ll love Alexandrite, the color-change gem. Outside in daylight, it is a cool bluish mossy green. Inside in lamplight, it is a red gem with a warm raspberry tone. You can watch it flick back and forth by switching from fluorescent to incandescent light. The value of the gemstone increases as the color change becomes more distinct.

It is truly spellbinding to see the spectacular changing colors in this wonderful gemstone; you just might feel some of the mysterious magic and lore ascribed to it. It’s said to strengthen intuition, aid in creativity and inspire the imagination.

Originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in the 1830s, it’s now found in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil, but this gem is exceptionally rare and valuable. Whichever you choose to represent your birthday, let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

JULY RUBY

The Ruby represents love, passion, courage and emotion. For centuries this gem has been considered the king of all gems. It was believed that wearing a fine red Ruby bestowed good fortune on its owner. Rubies have been the prized possession of emperors and kings throughout the ages. To this day the Ruby is the most valued gemstone.

The color of a Ruby is the most important feature of the gemstone. Rubies are available in a range of red hues from purplish and bluish red to orange-red. The brightest and most valuable color of Ruby is often “a Burmese Ruby” – an indication that it is a rich, passionate, hot, full red color with a slight blue hue. This color is often referred to as “pigeon blood” red, a Ruby color only associated with the Mogok Valley mines in Myanmar. The color Pigeon Blood Ruby red, is not associated with the color of a pigeon's blood but rather the color of a white pigeon's eye.

Ruby is also the 40th anniversary gemstone as well as the July birthstone. Rubies and sapphires both come from the mineral... corundum. Each with different trace elements that give them their colors. Ruby gets its color from chromium impurities and sapphire from iron and titanium. Any corundum that does have a red tone is considered Ruby. It has a hardness on the Mohs scale of 9 and the only thing harder is a diamond, so they are good for daily wear and hold up well. Metaphysical properties ancient…rubies were worn to detoxify the blood and improve the circulatory system.

Whether you fancy white gold or yellow, rings, earrings or pendants, come and choose your favorite color ruby and let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

MARCH AQUAMARINE

Aquamarine is a blue to green-blue variety of beryl. The beryl group of minerals is most famous for chromium-rich, emeralds. Aquamarine is one of the official birthstones for those born in March and is a traditional wedding anniversary gemstone for the 16th, 18th and 19th celebration. It is most famous for its breathtaking sea-blue colors which can range from light to dark-blue. The name 'aquamarine' was derived from an old Latin expression which meant 'seawater' and it was said to calm waves and keep sailors safe at sea. March’s birthstone was also thought to enhance the happiness of marriages, protecting young love, making it an ideal romantic gift. The best gems combine high clarity with limpid transparency and blue to slightly greenish blue hues. Like many beryls, aquamarine forms large crystals suitable for sizable fashioned gems and carvings.

Aquamarine is very durable and has a hardness of 7.5 – 8.0 on the Mohs scale, ideal for jewelry and resistant to every day wear. Whether you fancy white gold or yellow, rings, earrings or pendants, come and select a one of a kind. As earrings, ring or pendant either stone is definitely a romantic gift for the one you love! Let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

jANUARY GARNET

Garnet is the birthstone for those of you who were born in the month of January. Garnet is a naturally occurring gemstone that has many tantalizing color variations. With colors ranging through the ever popular deep red, reddish-brown, brown, green, yellow, orange, pink, purplish-red, white, colorless, black and even color changing stones depending on the light available. Garnet is not a single mineral but a group of minerals closely related in physical and chemical properties. Depending on the trace elements of the gem the results are definitely to live for!

Garnets have been widely known for thousands of years and were considered protective stones that were carried by travelers to protect against accidents away from home. They were also known to promote good health, cure a fever, and were even used as bullets because the glowing red color was said to increase the ferocity of the wound. It is even noted that Noah was able to guide his Ark through the darkness by the illumination of a garnet lantern. Garnet comes from the Greek word “grantum”, meaning seed or seed like because it often looks like seeds in its natural state.

Garnet is the gemstone for the 2nd, 15th and 19th wedding anniversary. With a hardness on the Moh’s scale between 6.5 to 8.5 depending on variety. Garnets are quite sturdy, ideal for jewelry and resistant to every day wear. Whether you fancy white gold or yellow, rings, earrings or pendants, come and choose your favorite color garnet and let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

october opals

Some believe that it is unlucky to wear an opal if you were born in a month other than October. This superstition did not come from ancient beliefs or experiences. In fact, throughout history, opal has been regarded as the luckiest and most magical of all precious gems due to the ability to show the entire color spectrum. Some thought opal had the power to strengthen eyesight, protect against contagious diseases, and ease sadness. It is also believed that opal symbolizes magic, love, hope happiness and truth.

The opals structure of mini spheres breaks up light into spectral colors giving it its play of color. The brilliance of the play of color is the most important value factor in opals. There are many different categories of opals, the most sought after being black opals. Black opals (which are limited) and white opals main source is Australia. These unique natural gems are usually fashioned or cut as cabochons (flat on the bottom and domed on top). Fire opals are popular as well, also known as the fire opal or sun opal, a gorgeous bright reddish/brownish orange. These stones are faceted and do not share the play of color.

In the market today, are opals that are too thin to set by themselves and have been shaved and placed on black onyx with an epoxy, which is known as a doublet. This has an outstanding effect on opals play of color. Even with this backing, opals are very sensitive stones and will become brittle or break with extreme temperature changes or hard wear.

The spotlight is shared for the month of October. The alternate birthstone is tourmaline, also known as the anniversary stone for the 8th year of marriage. Ancient beliefs show that tourmalines were believed to protect the wearer during travel and/or healing, and create harmony between mates.

Tourmalines have one of the widest color ranges of any gem species. They range from red to green, blue to yellow and even multi or parti colored tourmalines are available. It occurs in various shades and there are a number of trade names for the color varieties. Rubellite, a vibrant pink, red with purplish hues, Indicolite, a dark blue, blue-green, Chrome tourmaline, a very intense green (similar to the green in emeralds) and the most recently found Paraiba tourmaline which is an intense violet-blue, greenish-blue or blue from the state of Paraiba, Brazil.

This fall, the earthy tones along with purples, pinks and greens are definitely in style. The beautiful play of color in opal or any of the rich hues of tourmaline would make a very romantic gift for any occasion. Whether you fancy gold, white or yellow or platinum, rings, earrings or pendants, come and select a one of a kind. Let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

APRIL DIAMONDS

Happy Birthday April! Diamonds, the most classic of all jewels, is your birthstone. Diamonds also represent the 10th, 16th, and 75th wedding anniversaries. Diamonds were once thought to be crystallized lighting or splinters from stars that would protect against phantoms and give soldiers courage.

Diamonds with certain qualities are rarer and more valuable than others. There are four value factors to describe and classify diamonds. Clarity, color, cut and carat weight. These factors are known as the four C's, an international language for jewelry professionals. When used together these terms describe the quality of a finished diamond. Each diamond is based on its own unique combination of the four "C's".

Clarity characteristics include the diamonds internal features and the surface. Some of the known terminology for these characteristics are inclusions and blemishes. These characteristics might have negative or positive influences on diamonds value. Inclusions normally have more impact on a stones beauty and value. Blemishes can be polished off the stones surface. No two diamonds have exactly the same clarity characteristics.

Diamonds are available in just about every color imaginable. Some of the rarest colors are red, purple and green. The larger the diamond, the more obvious its color. The difference in color may be subtle, but can cause dramatic variations in value. Truly colorless diamonds are very scarce-most diamonds have tints of yellow or brown color to them.

The cut of the diamond does not pertain to just its shape. It consists of exact cutting of angles, proportions and the polish of the stone. The cut of the stone is what makes a diamond dance for you, allowing light to reflect and refract into vivid flashes of brilliant color. Diamonds are available in round brilliant cut, marquise, oval, pear or tear drop, emerald cut, trillion cut, square or princess cut, baguettes and briolettes. The fourth and final "C" is carat weight, the actual weight of the stone.

Hardness in a diamond (or any other gemstone) refers to resistance to scratching. On the Mohs scale the diamond has the rating of a 10. Because of diamonds hardness, "Diamonds are Forever". The durability of diamonds will ensure enjoyment for generations to come.

Give the ultimate gift of love - find the perfect diamond jewelry gift from our classic selection of diamond stud earrings, diamond pendants and three stone rings. We offer loose diamonds as well as tantalizing bridal semi-mounts in white gold, yellow gold and platinum. Custom design is our specialty here at Cassio Creations, where your dream becomes reality!

Sept Sapphires

Sapphires are your birthstone and the gemstone representing the 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries. In ancient times, sapphires were believed to influence spirits, protect from capture and make peace between enemies. They were also thought to clear the mind and skin, cure fevers, colds, eye diseases and ulcers. Sapphires are among the rarest of all precious gemstones.

The most sought after sapphires have a medium intense vivid blue color which will hold under any lighting. The “cleaner” the stone (having few to no inclusions or tiny flaws), the more valuable the stone is. As with all gemstones, the four “C’s” come into play with pricing and purchasing sapphires. Color (hue, tone and saturation), clarity (the amount of inclusions or blemishes present), cut (cutting angles and proportions of the stone) and carat weight (the actual weight of the stone). Sapphires are available in round brilliant cut, oval cut, emerald cut, trillion cut, square or princess cut, baguettes, and cabochon (flat on the bottom with a smooth domed top). Star sapphires are cabochon shaped with white rays through the stone that appear to be a star. These sapphires are rare and popular for gent’s rings. Sapphires are available in just about every color imaginable, except red. A red sapphire is actually a ruby! Rubies and sapphires are a gem variety of corundum. The trace elements found in these stones are what give them their beautiful color.

Sapphires can be heat treated at high temperatures to improve their color or clarity. There is usually no price difference between a natural and a heat treated sapphire. Approximately 90% of sapphires on the market today are heat treated. They are the toughest and most durable gemstone available on the market. On the Mohs (scratch resistance) scale the sapphire is rated a 9, diamond being the hardest with a rating of 10. The durability of sapphires will ensure enjoyment for generations to come.

Stop by and let us show you our beautiful collection of sapphires and/or bring yours in for a free inspection, clean and polish.

May Emerald

Happy Birthday May! As the birthstone for May, the emerald, a symbol of rebirth, is believed to grant the owner foresight, good fortune, and health. Emerald, derived from the word “smaragdus,” means, quite literally, “green” in Greek.

Like aquamarine, emerald is a variety of beryl, a mineral that grows with six sides and up to a foot in length. Emerald color can range from light green (though there is some argument whether these very light beryls are truly emeralds) to a deep, rich green. Most emeralds end up being heat treated to deepen or enhance the color. The deeper more green an emerald, the more valuable it is. The rarest emeralds will appear to be an intense green- blue.

Emeralds are found all over the world, including Colombia, Brazil, Afghanistan, Zambia, Pakistan, Russia and Zimbabwe. The availability of high-quality emerald is limited; consequently, treatments to improve clarity are performed regularly.

dec blue topaz

The month of December has so many beautiful hues of blue for birthstone jewelry. Here is a compilation for your consideration.

Tanzanite! Discovered in the late 1960’s, exclusively in Tanzania , this gem exhibits a rich violet-blue color. Tanzanite is often heat-treated to achieve its color range from deep vivid blue with a purplish tinge. Tanzanites that are medium dark in tone, vivid in saturation and slightly violet blue command premium prices. Tanzanite is the gemstone for the 8th wedding anniversary. With a hardness of 6-6.5 on the Moh’s scale. It is not for everyday wear. One should take care when wearing Tanzanite, avoiding exposure to heat, sudden changes in temperature and contact with chemicals.

Blue Ziron! Zircon is found in a wide range of colors such as blue, yellow, orange, brown, green, colorless and red(the most prized color). For many years colorless zircon was used to imitate diamonds. Major sources of zircon are Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Australia, Thailand, China and Vietnam. Due to its high refractive index and strong dispersion, zircon has great brilliance and intense fire. Natural zircon is brown to orange to red. The coveted blue zircon (a December Birthstone choice) is achieved by heat treatment, but only some have the right physical structure to turn blue when heated. Blue Zircon is the gemstone for the 4th wedding anniversary, with a hardness of 7.5 on the Moh’s scale, the blue zircon is rated for everyday wear. One should take care to avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade.

Turquoise! One of the oldest known gemstones, turquoise varies in color from greenish blue, through robin’s egg-blue, to sky blue shades and it transparency ranges from translucent to opaque. Turquoise is plentiful and is available in a wide range of sizes. It is most often used for beads, cabochons, carvings and inlays. Although its popularity fluctuates in fashion, it is a favorite in the American Southwest. Turquoise has been known and valued for thousands of years and thought to have healing powers and balance. Major sources of turquoise are US, Australia, Chile, China, Mexico and Iran. Turquoise is the gemstone for the 11th wedding anniversary, with a hardness of 5-6 on the Moh’s scale. One should take care when wearing Turquoise, avoiding exposure to heat, sudden changes in temperature, contact with chemicals and protect from scratches and harsh blows.

Blue Topaz! Topaz is the Texas state gemstone as well as the birthstone for the month of December. It occurs naturally in many colors including blue, orange, brown, green, pink, beige and red. Colorless topaz, a common variation, can be treated by irradiation to produce a wide range of shades of blue, such as sky blue to a deeper Swiss blue or London blue. Thus treated, blue topaz is one of the most popular and widely used of all gemstones. The ancients prized Topaz as a stone of divine majesty. It was believed to dispel enchantments, detect poisons – even render the wearer invisible at will. Major sources of Blue Topaz are Brazil, Nigeria, Australia, Myanmar, Mexico, Namibia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Blue Topaz is the gemstone for the 4th wedding anniversary, with a hardness of 8 on the Moh’s scale. Rated fair to good for everyday wear with care. Avoid contact with chemicals, direct sunlight and exposure to heat with which may cause color to fade. Whichever hue of blue you choose to represent your birthday, let us, Cassio Creations, color your world!

metals

Platinum and yellow gold were the metals of choice for jewelers in the past. Once platinum was declared a war time metal, jewelers began mixing alloy with yellow gold to create a white metal other than silver. White gold is a lighter metal but because of the alloy combination, tends to be a sturdier metal. The final stage of any white gold piece is a plating – Rhodium plating. Rhodium is a sister metal of platinum and is the final stage in any white gold piece, no matter what karat. Rhodium plating will wear off over time and will show a yellowish tinge to the metal. Maintenance for white gold will include re-polishing, re-rhodium plating and eventually shank or prong replacements.

The price of platinum is about 3-4 times as much as gold, due to the fact that platinum is the purest and rarest metal on the market. Platinum is a more dense metal, heavier that white gold, but very pliable. Normally it will take 10 tons of ore to produce 1 ounce of platinum. The wear-ability of platinum is forever! The amount of platinum in a beautiful mounting will remain the same overtime and will maintain its white color forever. The maintenance on platinum consists of a nice polish.

Maintain the quality and brilliance of your diamond jewelry by following these suggestions:

Clean your jewelry frequently to avoid build up of dirt;

Have a jeweler inspect your valuables at least every six (6) months;

Avoid heavy blows to your diamond jewelry. Even though diamonds are among the hardest of materials, diamonds can chip if struck at the right angle;

When not wearing your jewelry, place each item in a separate soft compartment/container to avoid scratching.

Diamond jewelry can radiate timelessness, here at Cassio’s we offer a complete inspection, and clean and polish at no charge.